1. Classification of black tea
1. Divide by region
The main varieties of Chinese black tea are: Qihong—produced in Qimen, Zhide, Anhui and Fuliang, Jiangxi; Dianhong—produced in Fohai, Shunning, Yunnan, etc.; Huohong—produced in Lu’an, Huoshan, Anhui, etc. ; Su Hong – produced in Yixing, Jiangsu; Yuehong produced in Shaoxing, Zhejiang;
Huhong – produced in Anhua, Xinhua, Taoyuan and other places in Hunan; Chuanhong – produced in Sichuan Mabian, Yibin, Gaoxian and other places; Yinghong – produced in Guangdong Yingde and other places; Zhaoping red – produced in Guangxi Zhaoping County; among them, Qimen black tea is the most famous. Ninghong Gongfu is produced in Xiushui, Jiangxi, and is one of the earliest Gongfu black teas in China.
World: Keemun Black Tea – China, Darjeeling Black Tea – India, Uba – Sri Lanka, Assam Black Tea – India and so on.
2. According to processing classification
According to its processing method and the shape of the tea produced, it can be generally divided into three categories: Souchong black tea, Gongfu black tea, broken black tea and black tea tea.
Souchong black tea: Souchong black tea is the oldest black tea, and it is also the originator of other black teas. All other black teas are evolved from Souchong black tea. It is divided into Zhengshan Souchong and Waishan Souchong, both of which are native to the Wuyi Mountain area.
1. Zhengshan Souchong: It is produced in the area of Tongmuguan, Xingcun Town, Wuyishan City, so it is also called Xingcun Souchong or Tongmuguan Souchong.
2. Outer Mountain Souchong: It is mainly produced in Zhenghe, Tanyang, Gutian, Shaxian and other places in Fujian, and in 2013, it is also produced in the Qianshan area of Jiangxi.
Broken black tea: Broken black tea can be subdivided into leaf tea, broken tea, sliced tea and final tea according to its shape. The origin is widely distributed in Yunnan, Guangdong, Hainan and Guangxi, mainly for export.
Instant black tea: Instant black tea is a processed product of tea. It uses pure natural tea raw materials and modern biotechnology to extract and concentrate the essence of tea leaves, and then dry and spray to form nano-scale granular solids, which can be quickly dissolved in Solid drink in water. Sometimes it is also called black tea tea zhen, instant black tea.
Mabian Kung Fu: Mabian Kung Fu is a black tea upstart, created by Sichuan Mabian Jinxing Tea Factory. It is made from Sichuan small-leaf species with an altitude of 1200-1500 meters as raw materials, combined with the craftsmanship of kung fu black tea from various places.
2. Other types of black tea
1. Jiuqu red plum
Jiuqu Hongmei, also known as “Jiuqu Oolong”, referred to as “Jiuqu Hong”, is another major traditional product in Xihu District and a treasure in black tea. Jiuqu red plum tea is produced in the areas of Hubu, Shuangling, Zhangyu, Fengjia, Lingshan, Shejing, Renqiao, Shangyang and Xiayang in Shuangpu Town, Xihu District, especially in the areas of Hubu Dawushan. optimal.
2. Lapsang Souchong
Zhengshan Souchong black tea is the earliest black tea in the world and belongs to Souchong black tea. The original origin was in Tongmu Village, Xingcun Town, Wuyishan City, so it is also called “Tongmuguan Souchong”, which means that it is rare and precious.
3. Jin Junmei
Jin Junmei is the top variety of Zhengshan Souchong tea. After the tea is brewed, its soup color is golden yellow, with a light and sweet fragrance of flowers, honey, and fruit. The taste is sweet and smooth, and the shape of the bottom of the leaves is small and tight.
4. Silver Junmei
The Yinjun eyebrows are tight and thin in appearance, with a sharp edge and a slender appearance, and the color is oily and slightly yellowish. The soup color is green and yellow and clear, and the soup color is golden and clear; Yinjunmei has a unique aroma, high and long-lasting, and is a comprehensive fragrance mixed with floral and fruity aromas.
Bai Ruixiang is one of the top ten famous fir trees in Wuyi. Bai Ruixiang tea is a high-fragrant variety with a long-lasting aroma, so it is named Bai Ruixiang. The dry tea has the typical pure sweet aroma of Souchong, the cords are even and tight, the color is dark and dark; the color of the soup is red, bright and gloomy; the aroma is typical of orchid and white cinnamon.
6. Assam tea
It is produced in the Assam Valley in the foothills of the Assam Himalayas in northeastern India. The tea leaves are thin and flat in shape and dark brown in color; the soup color is dark red and slightly brown, with a faint aroma of malt and rose, and a strong taste. It is a strong tea and is the best choice for drinking tea in winter.
7. Darjeeling black tea
Produced in the Darjeeling Plateau in the foothills of the Himalayas in the northern part of West Bengal, India, the soup is orange-yellow in color, fragrant and elegant, and the top grades are especially fragrant with grapes, with a delicate and soft taste.
6. Copper eyebrows
It is a high-end variety of Zhengshan Souchong. The quality is only slightly inferior to the top gold and silver Junmei, and the cost performance is higher. Therefore, it is a popular variety of the Junmei series.
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