Protein mulberry: efficacy and role of mulberry leaf efficacy and role of fresh mulberry leaf efficacy and role of mulberry leaf tea

Efficacy and function of mulberry leaf: Dispel wind-heat, clear lung and moisten dryness, clear liver and improve eyesight. For wind-heat cold, dry cough due to lung heat, dizziness, headache, red eyes and dim vision.

effect

(1) Mulberry leaves are good at dissipating wind-heat and lung-heat, and are often used in conjunction with chrysanthemum, silver flower, mint, Qianhu, and Campanulaceae. Mulberry leaves can not only be used for red eyes and shame caused by wind-heat, but also can clear liver fire, and can be used in conjunction with chrysanthemum, cassia seeds, and psyllium. As for the lack of liver yin, the eyes are dim, mulberry leaves can also be used with privet, wolfberry and black sesame to nourish the liver and kidney.

(2) Mulberry leaves are light and clear, and can dissipate wind and heat, but the effect is weak. Clinically, it is mainly used to clear the lung and liver, such as wind-heat attacking the lung, cough with excessive phlegm, or dry heat injuring the lung, dry cough without phlegm; as well as the symptoms of wind-heat attack or liver fire, red eyes, swelling and pain, etc., it is a commonly used medicine. With burdock and Qianhu, it can disperse wind and clear the lungs; with gypsum and Ophiopogon japonicus, it can clear dryness and moisten the lungs; with chrysanthemum and cassia seeds, it can clear the liver and improve eyesight.

【pinyin name】Sānɡ Yè

【English name】FOLIUM MORI

【Source】This product is the dried leaves of Morus alba L. Harvest after first frost, remove impurities and sun-dried.

【Properties】This product is often shrunken and broken. The complete ones have stalks, the leaves are ovate or broadly ovate when flattened, 8-15cm long and 7-13cm wide; the apex is acuminate, the base is truncated, round or heart-shaped, the edges are serrated or obtusely serrated, some Irregular division. The upper surface is yellow-green or light yellow-brown, and some have small verrucous protrusions; the lower surface is slightly lighter in color, with prominent veins, small veins reticulate, sparsely hairy on the veins, and tufted at the base of the veins. Crispy. Gas micro, taste light, slightly bitter.

【Identification】

(1) The powder of this product is yellow-green or yellow-brown. The upper epidermis has large crystal cells containing stalactites, the diameter of which is 47-77 μm. Lower epidermis stomata indefinite, with 4 to 6 accessory cells. Non-glandular hair cells, 50-230 μm long. Calcium oxalate clusters are 5-16 μm in diameter; cube crystals are occasionally seen.

(2) Take 2g of this product powder, add 30ml of petroleum ether (60~90℃), heat under reflux for 30 minutes, discard the petroleum ether liquid, evaporate the drug residues to dry, add 30ml of ethanol, ultrasonically treat for 20 minutes, filter, and evaporate the filtrate. Dry. The residue was heated with 10 ml of water, placed on a 60°C water bath and stirred to dissolve, filtered, the filtrate was evaporated to dryness, and the residue was dissolved in 1 ml of methanol, which was used as the test solution. Another mulberry leaf reference medicinal material 2g was taken, and the reference medicinal material solution was prepared by the same method. According to the thin-layer chromatography (Appendix VI B) test, draw 5 μl of each of the above two solutions, and place them on the same silica gel G thin-layer plate with sodium carboxymethyl cellulose as a binder. The upper layer solution of (5:2:1) is the developing agent, placed in a developing cylinder pre-saturated with the developing agent for 10 minutes, expanded to about 8 cm, taken out, dried, and inspected under an ultraviolet lamp (365 nm). In the chromatogram of the test substance, there are fluorescent spots of the same color at the position corresponding to the chromatogram of the reference medicinal material.

【Processing】

Remove impurities, grind, remove the handle, and sieve the ash.

Honey mulberry leaves: add refined honey and a little boiling water to pure mulberry leaves, mix well and slightly stuffy, fry until not sticky, take it out and let it cool (20 pounds of refined honey per 100 pounds).

【Nature and flavor】Sweet, bitter, cold.

【Return to the channel】Return to the lung and liver channels.

【Usage and dosage】5~9g.

【Storage】Store in a dry place.

【Excerpt】《Chinese Pharmacopoeia》

As we all know, mulberry leaves are the leaves of the mulberry tree. Chinese medicine believes that mulberry leaves are bitter, sweet and cold in nature, and have the effects of dispelling wind and removing heat, clearing the liver and improving eyesight. However, studies in recent years have proved that mulberry leaves also have good skin beauty effects, especially for acne and brown spots on the face. Acne, commonly known as pimples, is an inflammatory skin disease common in young adults.

After the young men and women enter the puberty period, the level of sex hormones in the body increases, which promotes the hyperplasia and hypertrophy of the sebaceous glands, and the secretion of the sebaceous glands increases, which leads to the accumulation of sebum, which blocks the opening of the hair follicles, and the increased sebum cannot be discharged in time, resulting in acne. The occurrence of acne, although mainly due to endocrine changes during puberty, is caused by the relative increase in the secretion of male hormones compared to female hormones. However, high-fat, high-sugar diet, long-term constipation, etc. are important reasons for causing acne.

Chinese medicine believes that excessive consumption of greasy and spicy food will cause heat accumulation in the spleen and stomach to generate dampness, and acne will occur when external pathogens invade the skin. Since mulberry leaves have the effect of clearing away heat and detoxifying, some people tried mulberry leaf decoction to treat 258 cases of acne, and the effect reached more than 89%. The specific method is to take 50 grams of fresh mulberry leaves every day, decoct the water three times and take it, generally 15 days to take effect. Some people also use an appropriate amount of fresh mulberry leaves, smash them, and apply them to the acne area for 30 minutes a day, and they have also achieved satisfactory results. As for the use of mulberry leaves to treat brown spots on the face, the specific method is: use 500 grams of commercially available mulberry leaves, steam and sterilize them in water, remove impurities, and dry them for later use. Fifteen grams a day, soaked in boiling water for tea drinking, and served for 30 days as a course of treatment.

Experts believe that taking mulberry leaves has a good effect on brown spots on the skin, which may be related to the improvement of the body’s secretion function. At the same time, according to pharmacological studies, mulberry leaves are rich in flavonoids, phenols, amino acids, organic acids, carotene, vitamins and a variety of essential trace elements for the human body, which can improve and regulate the metabolism of skin tissue, especially inhibit pigmentation. The occurrence and development have a positive effect.

If the decoction of mulberry leaves is extracted and its active ingredients are concentrated and added to the cosmetic cream as a cosmetic additive, and it is used externally for a long time at the same time as oral administration, it will undoubtedly have a better effect on facial brown spots. It can be seen that, do not underestimate the mulberry leaf, it is economical and convenient, and it is a rare beauty medicine. Patients with acne and facial brown spots may wish to try it, there are generally no side effects.

Mulberry leaves: a good product for moisturizing and moisturizing

Now it is quite cool in the morning and evening, but at noon it is a scorching sun, and the temperature difference is large, which is easy for people to catch a cold. And because the weather is dry, when you catch a cold in autumn, you are prone to headache, dry mouth and nose, sore throat, cough without phlegm or less and sticky phlegm, and in severe cases, blood in the phlegm and other symptoms.

Therefore, everyone should be targeted when choosing medicines for the treatment of colds due to autumn dryness. Products that are too hot, warm and dry, such as ephedra and ginger, cannot be used. The key to treatment lies in the combination of clearing and moisturizing. , Qing, moisturizing combined to treat autumn dryness cold, one of the commonly used drugs is mulberry leaves.

Mulberry leaves are the leaves of the mulberry plant, which is bitter, sweet, and cold in nature.

Mulberry leaves are also known as fairy leaves in ancient books. The world’s earliest pharmaceutical monograph “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica” records: “mulberry leaves remove cold and heat, sweating.” send.”

Modern pharmacological studies have found that mulberry leaves have strong inhibitory effects on Staphylococcus aureus, beta-hemolytic coccus, diphtheria bacillus, and bacillus anthracis; in addition, the plant defensins in mulberry leaves have antimicrobial effects. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that mulberry leaves are best to be frosted, collected and dried for later use, and can also be purchased directly from pharmacies.

How to use mulberry leaves

You can choose 30 grams of dried mulberry leaves to soak in water, once a day, or cook with pear peels and almonds, and boil it into a soup to drink as tea, which can not only prevent autumn dryness, but also maintain health.

For sore throat, cough, expectoration and other pulmonary diseases caused by dryness and heat injury to the lungs, as well as various acute and chronic pharyngitis and bronchitis patients, mulberry leaves can be mixed with Ophiopogon japonicus (2:1 ratio), soaked in water instead of tea. ,Significant effect.

In addition to tea health care, mulberry leaves are delicious, have no side effects, and are rich in chlorophyll. Even if they are cooked, they can still remain green for a long time and emit a delicate fragrance. Such as light and moist mulberry leaf lotus leaf porridge, mulberry leaf sweet potato porridge can dispel wind and clear heat, strengthen spleen and dampness, reduce blood pressure and clear fat, etc.

The mulberry leaves and chrysanthemums are used as tea to prevent and treat exogenous wind-heat colds, and the effect is excellent. Also, mulberry leaves and Eucommia leaves are used as tea to treat ischemic angina pectoris and low back pain caused by kidney deficiency for many years.

On the basis of studying the chemical components of mulberry leaves and animal experiments, modern medicine found that mulberry leaves have the functions of lowering blood pressure, lowering blood sugar, lowering cholesterol, antibacterial, anti-allergic, anti-oxidative and anti-aging, beauty, and clearing urine. Here are just a few:

Mulberry Leaf Goji Berry Tea

Take 30 grams of fresh wolfberry seedlings, 30 grams of fresh plantain, and 60 grams of fresh mulberry leaves, add an appropriate amount of water to decoction. Diuretic, heat-clearing effect.

Mulberry Leaf Chrysanthemum Tea

Take 20 grams of dried mulberry leaves and dried chrysanthemums, boiled water, and serve as tea, which has a cooling effect on the fever caused by warm and heat evils.

Mulberry green bean tea

Take 20 grams of winter mulberry leaves, 15 grams of chrysanthemum, 60 grams of soybeans, and 30 grams of sugar. This recipe has the functions of clearing liver and improving eyesight, reducing inflammation and dispelling wind and heat, and has good curative effect on acute ocular conjunctivitis and red, swollen and red pain in the eyes.

Mulberry Leaf Chrysanthemum Hawthorn Tea

30 grams of chrysanthemum and silver flower each, 12 grams of mulberry leaves, and 15 grams of hawthorn, brew 4 times with boiling water for 10 to 15 minutes each time, as a substitute for tea. Suitable for high blood pressure, high cholesterol, arteriosclerosis embolism.

In addition, there are a series of foods such as mulberry leaf noodles, mulberry leaf cookies, and mulberry leaf soba noodles. Mulberry leaf extract can also be used as a safe pigment for pastries, which is really useful and beneficial. In short, everyone may wish to learn more about mulberry leaves this autumn, it is indeed a rare and affordable health care product around us.

Mulberry leaves have many functions in preventing and curing diseases

Mulberry leaves are the leaves of the mulberry plant, which is bitter in taste, sweet in taste and cold in nature, and belongs to the lung and liver meridians. It has the effect of dispelling wind and clearing heat, cooling blood and improving eyesight. Treats wind-heat fever, headache, red eyes, thirst, cough due to lung heat, wind arthralgia, rash of addiction, and elephantiasis of the lower extremities.

In ancient books, mulberry leaves are also known as fairy leaves. The world’s earliest medicinal book “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica” records: “Mulberry leaves remove cold and heat and sweat.” “Chongqing Tang Essays” said “mulberry leaves, although treating night sweats, and rheumatism and summer heat take it, the lung qi is cleared, and sweating can be relieved. It relieves the internal wind and eliminates headaches, and stops the diarrhea caused by the wind and stomach. It has already caused liver heat. Menstrual bleeding, prenatal diseases, especially those due to liver heat require medicine.”

main ingredient

According to modern research, dried mulberry leaves contain 25% to 45% crude protein, 20% to 25% carbohydrate, 5% crude fat, as well as rich potassium, calcium and vitamins C, B1, B2, A, etc. The trace elements copper, zinc, boron, manganese and other substances. Mulberry leaves contain ecdysterone, lupine ketone, rutin, mulberry glycosides, vitamins, titanic acid, folic acid, fumaric acid, meso creatine, phytoestrogens and other substances needed by the human body.

Among them, every 100g of dried mulberry leaves contains about 24.0g of crude protein, 5.0g of crude fat, 52.9g of dietary fiber and 2699mg of calcium. Mulberry leaves contain 18 kinds of amino acids needed by the human body, including neurotransmitters and antihypertensive substances, gamma-aminobutyric acid, an average of 226 mg, glutamic acid as high as 2323 mg, and aspartic acid 2049 mg. It can be seen that mulberry leaves are a treasure trove of amino acids.

The efficacy of mulberry leaves

1. Hypoglycemic:

Mulberry leaves have the effect of inhibiting the rise of blood sugar, and its mechanism of action is related to the rich amino acids, cellulose, vitamins, minerals and various physiologically active substances (alkaloids and polysaccharides) in mulberry leaves, of which the main functional substances are mulberry leaves. DNA can inhibit the activity of α-glucosidase, thereby inhibiting and delaying the decomposition of starch into glucose and fructose, which significantly inhibits the rise of blood sugar after eating.

2. Antibacterial: In vitro tests show that fresh mulberry leaves have strong inhibitory effects on Staphylococcus aureus, beta-hemolytic coccus, diphtheria bacillus, and bacillus anthracis. The plant defensins in mulberry leaves have antimicrobial effects.

3. Lowering blood pressure: The main functional component of lowering blood pressure is gamma-aminobutyric acid.

4. Lowering blood lipids: The main active ingredient is phytosterols.

5. Antioxidant, Antiaging:

The main functional components of these two actions are isoflavone compounds. According to the 4-year experiment by the Institute of Clinical Pharmacology of Zhejiang University, it has been confirmed that mulberry leaves have the tonic and anti-aging effects similar to ginseng. Ginseng is a heat tonic, while mulberry leaves are a clear tonic, which can be used by young and old, and in all seasons.

6. Relieve menopausal syndrome: Mulberry leaves have the effect of stabilizing the function of the autonomic nervous system, which can relieve the emotional agitation and surly temperament of the elderly during menopause.

7.cosmetic

(1) Treat chloasma:

Brown spots on the face often make many women distressed, and can be treated with mulberry leaves: take 500g of winter mulberry leaves, steam and sterilize them in water, remove sundries, and dry them for later use. Take 15g every day, soak in boiling water as tea. One month is a course of treatment. Generally, after taking it for 20 days, there will be obvious curative effect, and the plaque will subside or the pigment will become lighter. During treatment should eat more soy products, such as tofu, bean sprouts and so on.

(2) Skin care:

Skin care with mulberry leaf bath can make the skin bright and clean. Take 50~100g of dried mulberry leaves of the menstrual cream, put it in a pot, add water to boil for 10~15 minutes, pour it into the bathtub to cool, and then take a bath. Make the skin smoother as soon as possible. If you take an appropriate amount of winter mulberry leaves, decoct in water for 15 minutes, remove the residue and extract the juice, reheat and concentrate, and store it in the refrigerator for later use. When washing your face every morning, add 30ml of winter mulberry leaf decoction to the face wash water to treat freckles and dark spots on the face, whiten and brighten the skin, and make it as smooth as jade.

(3) Treat acne:

Acne is an inflammatory skin disease common in young adults. After entering puberty, the body secretes strong sex hormones, which increases the secretion of sebaceous glands, resulting in sebum accumulation, blocking the hair follicles, and easy to form acne.Use mulberry leaf decoction to treat acne, take 50g of fresh mulberry leaves every day, decoct water 3 times and take it.

Effective in 15 days. If you take an appropriate amount of fresh mulberry leaves, smash it and apply it to the acne area for 30 minutes a day, and you will have satisfactory results.

(4) Hairdressing:

Makes hair black, shiny and soft. Mulberry leaves are rich in copper, which has the effect of preventing and treating hair and skin whitening. Take 500g of frosted mulberry leaves or fresh mulberry leaves, remove the stem leaves, and grind them into powder; take 250g of black sesame seeds, stir-fry and grind them into powder; add sugar and mix them thoroughly or make large honeydew pills, take 20g each morning and evening, and take it with boiled water. . Long-term adherence can make white hair turn black, face ruddy, and can prevent the occurrence of less white hair.

(5) Weight loss:

Continuing to drink mulberry leaf tea for a long time can significantly lose weight. The diuretic effect of mulberry leaves can not only promote urination, but also drain excess water accumulated in cells, so mulberry leaves can reduce swelling. Mulberry leaves can also remove excess neutral fat and cholesterol in the blood, that is, the function of clearing blood. Obesity is the accumulation of excess fat in the fat cells of the abdomen and back. When neutral fat in the blood is reduced, stored fat is released and consumed in the form of calories. If you keep doing this over and over again, your body will lose fat. Therefore, weight loss and improvement of hyperlipidemia are interrelated. In addition, the blood viscosity of patients with hyperlipidemia is high, and the flow in the capillaries is particularly poor. Capillaries are only 1/100th the size of our hair, so of course they tend to get clogged. Both myocardial infarction and cerebral hemorrhage are the result of blocked capillaries. Mulberry leaves contain flavonoids that strengthen capillaries and reduce blood viscosity, so it can prevent myocardial infarction and cerebral hemorrhage while losing weight and improving hyperlipidemia.

8. Laxative, reduce swelling:

Under the action of mulberry leaves, the carbohydrates that are not absorbed by the small intestine and transported to the large intestine are acted by the intestinal flora to generate organic acids such as carbon dioxide, hydrogen, butyric acid, propionic acid, acetic acid, and lactic acid, which make the environment inside and outside the intestine acidic and inhibit the It can prevent the proliferation of harmful bacteria, play a role in intestinal regulation, improve constipation, and improve abdominal distension. Mulberry leaves can also remove excess water in the body and improve edema.

Mulberry leaves have a special effect that may not be familiar to people, that is, antiperspirant. “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica” said: mulberry leaves “smelt bitter, sweet and cold, with a small poison, mainly cold and heat sweating”. “Compendium of Materia Medica” says: “Mercy mulberry leaves through frost, in addition to cold, heat and night sweats, are taken at the end.” “Department of Materia Medica”: Zai, mulberry leaves are “sweet, cold. Start with the Yangming Jing of hands and feet. The dryness in the west of the Qing Dynasty is dry in the east. Removing wind-heat, benefiting joints, soothing the liver, and stopping sweating.” It can be seen that taking mulberry leaf powder alone can cure sweating. “Compendium of Materia Medica” not only has similar records, but also records vivid medical records: Mulberry leaves “wear at the end to stop night sweats, there are monks in Yanzhou, every pillow, sweating all over the body, Bidan, clothes and quilts are all transparent, Twenty years of inability to heal. The supervisor of the temple taught to harvest mulberry leaves, toast them to the end, and drink two coins from hollow rice, which healed in a few days.”

Physicians of the past dynasties also have a lot of experience to talk about. Zhu Danxi, one of the four great masters of Jin and Yuan Dynasty, used mulberry leaves to treat night sweats. He recorded in the book “Danxi Heart Method”: “Shuangshuang mulberry leaves are ground into powder, and the rice drink is taken to stop night sweats.” Fu Qingzhu, a famous doctor in the late Ming and early Qing dynasties, was very good at using mulberry leaves to stop sweating, and he also created many Prescriptions with mulberry leaves as the main medicine, such as antiperspirant pills, antiperspirant pills, and antiperspirant calming pills. “Lu Zhi, a famous Chinese medicine doctor, often uses mulberry leaves alone when treating night sweats and spontaneous perspiration. He often uses 9-15g water simmer in water or 6-9g ground powder. Mr. Qin Bowei also likes to use mulberry leaves to treat sweating on the head and face. It can be seen that mulberry leaves Ye Zhihan really has a origin.

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