Introduction to Xishuangbanna Tea Production Area
It is customary to divide the tea-producing areas of Xishuangbanna into Jiangbei and Jiangnan. The tea production in the north of the Lancang River is centered on Yiwu, and the tea production in the south of the Lancang River is centered on Fohai (that is, Menghai County today).
There are six major tea mountains in Jiangbei and Jiangnan:In the north of the river are Yibang Ancient Tea Mountain, Youle Ancient Tea Mountain, Mansa Ancient Tea Mountain, Mangzhi Ancient Tea Mountain, Manzhuan Ancient Tea Mountain and Gedeng Ancient Tea Mountain; in the south of the Yangtze River are Nannuo Tea Mountain, Mengsong Tea Mountain, Menghai Tea Mountain, Bada Tea Mountain, Nanqiao Tea Mountain and Jingmai Tea Mountain.
The above-mentioned major tea mountains are located in the mixed position of tropical and subtropical regions. The average annual temperature is maintained at about 18 degrees Celsius, the rainfall is above 1200mm, the vegetation in the mountains is dense, the winter is warm in the winter and the summer is cool, the soil is mainly red brick soil and red red soil, the soil layer is deep and the soil is fertile. Such a natural ecological environment has created favorable conditions for the cultivation of large-leaf Pu’er tea in Yunnan, and also laid the foundation for the formation of the quality of Pu’er tea.
Characteristics of Yunnan Pu’er Tea
Pu-erh tea is a kind of tea made from the fresh leaves of Yunnan big-leaf species, which are made from green tea by fixing, rolling, drying and other processes. Pu-erh tea has a distinctive personality and special effects, and has many irreplaceable characteristics of other teas.
1. Different shapes
Pu-erh tea can be divided into two categories: loose tea and compressed tea. Loose tea has thick and fat strips, dark or maroon color, mellow and sweet taste, and has a unique old fragrance; compressed tea comes in various forms, including Tuocha, Qizi cake. Tea, square tea, brick tea, column tea, giant round cake tea, etc.
Second, the long-lasting fragrance
Pu-erh tea has a process of esterification and post-ripening, and it will produce a unique old fragrance after a long storage time. With the change of time, different aroma types such as jujube incense, lotus incense, ginseng incense and camphor incense can be produced.
Three, drink at will
Pu-erh tea can be brewed or boiled, and even raw Pu-erh tea and cooked Pu-erh tea can be mixed and quoted, and Pu-erh tea can also be used to make butter tea, salt tea and so on.
Four, health care
Pu-erh tea has always been regarded as a kind of tea with health care effects, which has various effects and functions such as lowering blood lipids, losing weight, inhibiting bacteria, helping digestion, warming the stomach, producing body fluid and quenching thirst.
5. Collection and appreciation
The pressed tea of Pu’er tea has various shapes, such as Ou Yumei, which is artistic and can be cited or collected for appreciation.