After the precipitation of time, the family of Chinese medicine has not only some prestige and real objects floating on the surface, but their background is indescribable. Dwarf tea is a folk herbal medicine in the southern region. Da Ye Dizhu, it has a very good effect on relieving cough and resolving phlegm. Many people may not have heard of it. So, what records are there in the family of Chinese medicine of Aidi Cha?
The “Compendium of Materia Medica” contains that the purple golden cow has the function of “detoxification and blood-breaking”, and it looks like a red umbrella from the attached picture. “Lee’s Grass Secret” contains: “Red leaves under the leaves, a flat tree, five or six inches long, round stems, red seeds under the leaves, and other places such as mountains”. Judging from the height of the plant, it seems to be the product, and the “Supplements to Compendium of Materia Medica” Mube contains: red at the bottom of the leaf, commonly known as Cinnamomum camphora, also known as red under the leaf. Judging from its description, it is difficult to conclude that it is the same plant as the so-called Yexiahong in “Li Shi Cao Mi”. The Fourteenth Volume of “A Study on the Names of Plants”: Xiaoqing “Sands the land, high and small, with small pink flowers, drooping cusps, red fruit in winter, popular call dwarf tea” and the accompanying drawings Goods match. Small quantities are sold in farms and herbal stores.
Original form: Small evergreen shrub, 10～30cm high, often creeping horizontally at the base, dark red, with slender adventitious roots. Stems are often single, cylindrical, purple-brown on the surface, and short glandular hairs. The leaves are alternate, often 3-7 pieces of clustered stem-tip leaves are whorled; elliptical or ovate, 3-7cm long, 1.5-3cm wide, short pointed tip, wedge-shaped base, sharp serrated edges, sparse gland points on both sides, The lower part is light red, with hairy midvein; petiole densely covered with short glandular hairs. The inflorescence is nearly umbellate, axillary or terminal; calyx is 5-lobed, with glandular points; corolla 5-lobed, white, with reddish-brown glandular dots; stamens 5, shorter than corolla lobes, with glandular dots on the back of the anther. Drupe globose, red when ripe, with black glands, with persistent style and calyx. Flowering period is from June to September, fruiting period is from August to December.
Habitat Division: Born in forests, valleys, and damp places beside streams, and produced in various provinces in the south of the Yangtze River Basin.
Chemical composition: Containing Ardisinol I, II (ardisinol I, II), Ardisin, Dergenin, Embelin, Rapanone and Quercetin, Volatile oil, etc.
Nature and flavor: flat in nature, pungent and slightly bitter in taste.
Functions and indications: Resolving phlegm and relieving cough, removing dampness, promoting blood circulation, used for coughing, blood in sputum, chronic bronchitis, damp-heat jaundice, and fall and flutter injury.